by generating a class list of stores typically found in a shopping
center or mall. Challenge students to group stores into general
categories, such as women's clothing, food service, and so on. Ask
students which types of stores seem to be most prevalent and least
prevalent at a mall.
Discuss the word lease. What does it mean? (For rent or
hire.) Why are leases important to shopping center or mall operators?
The International Council of Shopping Centers recommends that malls
allocate a certain percent of the total square footage of leasable
retail space using the following guidelines:
- women's clothing: 25%
- men's clothing: 10%
- food: 15%
- service (salons, etc.): 5%
- shoes: 10%
- jewelry: 3%
- family items: 7%
- gifts: 17%
Note that the International Council only recommends space allotments
and does not recommend specific allocations for all 100 percent of the
space within a mall. Ask students why they think this is.
To review the concept of percents, it may be helpful to distribute a 10 × 10 grid
to each student. Students can then shade each of the above types of
stores on the grid to show how much space should be allotted for each
type of store.
Encourage students to conduct some research at the mall or
shopping center closest to where they live. For a homework assignment,
ask them to list all the stores in the mall and to place each into one
of the International Council's categories listed above. Alternatively,
students can find this information on individual shopping mall
websites. Draw the students' attention to the fact that the
recommendations were made in 1985. Ask students, "How have malls
changed since then?" What problems might those changes pose for
students in their task?
When all lists have been compiled, ask students to share their data
and justify the placement of specific stores within each category.
Where did they place stores such as clothing stores? A bank? A
pharmacy? A video store? Ask them to find the total number of stores at
the mall, the number of stores in each category, and the percent of
each type of store listed. How does the local mall's space allocation
compare with the International Council's recommendations?
Tell students that they can lease space within a new mall. Distribute the Shops at the Mall activity sheet to each student.
After students have completed the first two items, encourage
them to share their results and strategies. Some may use proportional
reasoning, calculate with fractions, or use calculators.
Organize students into groups of two or three for the final activity. Distribute centimeter graph paper
to each group to use when creating the scale drawing of the mall.
Before beginning the activity, discuss the criteria for mall design in
item 3 on the activity sheet. After all drawings are complete,
encourage each group to share its plan along with a justification for
each element. The plans can be compared with, and contrasted against,
the criteria provided as well as the International Council's