Give each student a blank piece of paper. Display a numeral using the numeral cards
that are provided. Ask the students to draw the number of objects (such
as circles, rectangles, squares, etc.) that matches the displayed
numeral and to silently count the number of objects by writing a number
on each one. This exercise provides information about the students'
number recognition, ability to record the number displayed, and use of
one-to-one correspondence to develop rational counting strategies. Use
the information gained from this activity to adjust the pace of this
lesson and plan experiences that support and challenge learners. Refer
to the students' work to measure growth, strengths, and needs.
Display the numeral card for 0 and ask students to make a 0 in the air. Give them a 10-Frame Activity Sheet and connecting cubes in two colors.
10-Frame Activity Sheet
Ask them to fill in each section of the "10" Frame with a single cube, counting aloud in unison as they do so.
Now have the students color the sections of the "10" Frame to
match the cubes they placed in them. Ask a student to share with the
class the way he or she showed 10. [For example, "I used seven green
and three blue cubes."] Repeat with several children. Then tell the
students to take these sheets home to share with their family.
Go to the Spinner Applet.
an 11-part spinner by entering the numbers 0 through 10, starting in
the left column. As you enter each number, call on a volunteer to
choose a color for that section of the spinner. After entering the 11
numbers, activate the spinner. After each spin, ask the students to say
the number aloud and make a train with that many connecting cubes,
using two colors. Call on a volunteer to tell how many of each color he
or she used to make the train. [In the example below, the student might
say, "I used four orange and six green cubes to make my train of 10."]
Repeat several times, choosing different children to activate the
spinner each time.
Next use the "Back" button on the Web site to return to the Number & Operations, preK-2
directory on the National Library of Virtual Manipulatives Web site,
and select "Bar Charts." Set the number of columns to 11 and the number
of rows to 11. Label the columns with the numbers 0 through 10 on the
bottom of each column. Delete the term "label" and enter the values 0
through 10, one number in each column. Then click on one box over "1,"
seven boxes over "7," and so forth, starting at the bottom of each
column and moving up one box at the time until the appropriate number
of boxes are highlighted for that column. Remember that the column
labeled "0" will have no boxes. Repeat this activity several times,
choosing different students to count and click on the boxes.
Now distribute the students' Steps to 10
sheets and ask them to color in the column for "10." Ask the students
which numbers they have now shown on the chart [1 through 10]. Ask what
they would need to do to complete the "0" column. [Nothing.] Then ask
them to compare the online bar chart with the paper chart they have
Steps to 10 Activity Sheet
End the lesson by showing a numeral and asking the students to
perform a given action [e. g., stamping a foot, snapping their fingers,
turning around] that number of times. Repeat this activity using
several different numbers.
- Baratta-Lorton, Mary. Mathematics Their Way. Menlo Park, Calif.: Addison-Wesley, 1974.
- Burton, Grace M. Towards a Good Beginning: Teaching Early Childhood Mathematics. Menlo Park, Calif.: Addison-Wesley, 1985.