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Numbers and Me

  • Lesson
Pre-K-2
1
Data Analysis and Probability
Unknown
Location: Unknown

In this lesson, students participate in activities in which they focus on the uses of numbers. The activities explore how students use numbers in school and every day settings as a way for students and the teacher to get to know each other at the beginning of the school year.

This activity focuses on numbers that are familiar to students.  The activity sheet serves as a way to introduce students to the teacher and to each other.

Ask each student to bring in a recent photograph of herself or himself to mount on the activity sheet. Distribute a copy of the Numbers and Me activity sheet to each student.

pdficon  Numbers and Me Activity Sheet  

910 measuringHave the students fill in the personal information just below the section for the photograph.

Direct the students to fill in the "More About Me" section at the bottom of the activity sheet. You may need to help the students determine their height and shoe size.

Then, divide the class into small cooperative learning groups, and have each student in the group share his or her data from the "More About Me" section. As a group, they can draw conclusions about their data, such as, "None of us have pets," or, "Each of us has at least two brothers or sisters." As students are having discussions about their information, circulate and ask probing questions to groups that are having difficulty.

As a class, discuss the observations made by each group, and determine if they are applicable to the entire class. For instance, if a group makes the claim, "We are all between 44 and 48 inches tall," determine if that statement is also true for the entire class.

To conclude the lesson, use the NCTM Bar Grapher tool to create a bar graph of the class data for Item # 1 under the "More About Me" section.

appicon Bar Grapher 

For example, the horizontal axis could represent the number of people per household, and the vertical axis could represent the number of students with that response.

Students may also individually record the class graph on grid paper.

pdficon Grid Paper  

Lead a class discussion in which students make comparisons and draw conclusions based upon the data presented in the bar graph.

Extensions 

  1. Have students individually graph the results of other questions on the Numbers and Me activity sheet. Suggest the creation of bar or picture graphs.
  2. Have students create and solve word problems about their "Numbers and Me" data. Problems should be shared with the class.
 
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Learning Objectives

Students will:

  • Identify and use numbers in a real life setting
  • Interpret data obtained from a survey
  • Record data in a bar graph

NCTM Standards and Expectations

  • Pose questions and gather data about themselves and their surroundings.
  • Sort and classify objects according to their attributes and organize data about the objects.
  • Represent data using concrete objects, pictures, and graphs.

Common Core State Standards – Mathematics

Grade 1, Measurement & Data

  • CCSS.Math.Content.1.MD.C.4
    Organize, represent, and interpret data with up to three categories; ask and answer questions about the total number of data points, how many in each category, and how many more or less are in one category than in another.

Grade 2, Measurement & Data

  • CCSS.Math.Content.2.MD.D.10
    Draw a picture graph and a bar graph (with single-unit scale) to represent a data set with up to four categories. Solve simple put-together, take-apart, and compare problems using information presented in a bar graph.