Illuminations: Limits

# Limits

A geometric series is a sum of numbers such that the ratio between consecutive terms is constant. For instance, 1/2 + 1/4 + 1/8 + … is a geometric series. In this activity, you can see a representation of several geometric series and their limits.

### Instructions

 Choose a geometric series in the top center by moving the slider. By default, an = 0.5n is chosen. Use the controls in the bottom center to step through the terms of the series. Reset: returns you to term 1 at any point. Previous: moves you to the previous term. Next: moves you to the next term. Advance to Step 50: accelerates the animation and brings you to step 50, the last given term of all series. The sum of the series will be kept track of in the top left summation statement. Click on it to show all terms, and click again when you want to hide it. As you explore the different terms, try to predict the limit of the series as it approaches infinity. Use the limit slider at the far right to show your prediction, or enter the value directly into the limit box at the top right. If you think the series diverges, click the button at the bottom right. After step 50, your answer will automatically be checked.

### Exploration

 As you explore different geometric series, see if you can answer these questions: Some terms leave "traces" instead of adding solid bars. What kind of terms do this? Write an inequality to express groups of series that looks roughly the same? Is there any way to predict a limit without looking at the graph? Some series approach their limit very quickly. What kind of series do this? When does a series diverge?

### NCTM Resources

 Principles and Standards for School Mathematics (Book and E-Standards CD)

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